Everyone uses this phenomenon, even if they do not know about its name. But as soon as it comes to an explanation, it suddenly becomes difficult to find the right words. Let’s break the brain together, at the same time we will understand why such a seemingly elementary effect causes so much attention.
If someone is too lazy to delve into the meaning and theory, then you just need to drive onto a flat area and in a low gear just follow the behavior of the front wheel at the time of taxiing, when you push either the left or the right stick away from you. And even better, if you catch the balance at the lowest possible speeds. The motorcycle, being a structure tied to the balance, goes into turns and any change in position on the road due to inclination from the vertical axis. The tilt of the motorcycle is directly proportional to the strength and duration of the impact on the handle, to the issue of hand position, motor skills and hand tone. A sharp push of the handle equals a sharp turn, and too hard on a short bike sometimes leads to a fall. The longer we press on the handle, the more we make the tilt angle. So far, everything is easy.
– Why is counter-steering so difficult to perceive, if it is so easily used by us instinctively in motion? – you ask.
The question is interesting. And the trick is not even that an obvious contradiction is confusing, which does not want to fit in the head, they say, turn left, push the right handle – why push the right one if I turn to the left …
The dog is buried in another, we mentally imagine that to turn, we need to pull on the side of the steering wheel to which we want to tilt to turn, but the fact is that you don’t need to pull anything! By the way, because of this representation, in an emergency situation, counter-steering plays against the pilot, because drivers too often turn the steering wheel away from the danger, but they get the effect of counter-steering and crash into what they wanted to avoid.
Counter-steering is based on centrifugal force, gyroscopic effect and oh shit, this is a contact patch again! To maintain an upright position, we need to act in defiance of the forces of gravity, since when the motorcycle starts to fall (try to catch the balance in a straight line at very low speeds, you will use the steering wheel endlessly, just not to fall!), We have to turn the steering wheel in the opposite direction, so that the centrifugal force, having a contact patch on the opposite side of the tire, returns us to a stable position.
Do you understand now? Not as difficult as it turned out. Difficulties arise with increasing speed – the higher the speed, the greater the influence of centrifugal forces and the gyroscopic effect. To turn, you have to make efforts both to enter the turn and return to the upright position.
Counter-steering needs to be trained as hard as braking. If you still don’t understand how it works, borrow an old Stork bike (exaggerating) from your neighbor’s child, and try to ride it at an extremely low speed so as not to torment the motorcycle engine and not drop it accidentally. While you are catching balance, trying not to fall, you will inevitably begin to use counter-steering and lo and behold, you will push the steering handle away from yourself, and not pull with all your might, you will begin to notice the behavior of the wheel. On a motorcycle, everything is the same, only with different speeds and dimensions.