In the previous article, we outlined the causes of injury to both motorcyclists and their passengers. Now we will consider some of the most common, dangerous injuries, the causes of their occurrence, the possible consequences.
You need to understand that injuries are made up of so many factors, such as the way the force is applied and the place to which it is applied. Did you know that the bones at the ends take trauma more easily than the bones in the middle? No? Take a stick and try to break it, at the ends it is more difficult to do it, but in the middle it breaks against the knee for one or two. Almost the same as in bone crashes.
Top broken bones in motorcyclists:
- The bones of the hands are the radius, ulna, subclavian and small bones of the hand.
- Ribs – especially after hard falls or collisions. Not every piece of equipment protects the ribs from impact, like the back or vest spine.
- Leg bones – the tibia (large and small) get fractures when the foot hits the footboard or part of the motorcycle, when the pilot himself is thrown out of the saddle. The pelvic and femur bones suffer from direct collisions, since these bones are among the strongest, so the application of force to break them is enormous. The bones of the arch of the foot are just as vulnerable as the bones of the hands.
Fractures in motorcyclists are most often open, because the force of impact is so great that the deformation of the bone goes beyond the edges of soft tissues.
Unfortunately, the lion’s share of deaths is due to head injuries or due to the amount of injuries associated with hemorrhages. Head injury is dangerous primarily due to brain damage. It will not be said to the table, but after my first accident, when they gave me a ride in an ambulance with a broken left arm, I believed in the power of motorcycle helmets. Probably because in the same ambulance they were carrying a man with an open craniocerebral injury from the same accident.
When they say that a helmet does not help in an accident, I want to ask, what kind of helmet are we talking about? If you have a helmet with the characteristics of a plastic bag, then yes, there will be no miracle. Even an average quality helmet, no, no, may it save your face from the asphalt. Even if his visor opens (and this will not happen in a good helmet!), Then the contact of the person with the roadway will be minimal. But how much the blow itself will harm the brain is already a question for the materials of the helmet.
If you fall head first, you erase the face of the helmet. Eyes and nose can be damaged here. In an accident, injuries to the jaw, teeth are very common, drivers or passengers bite their tongue due to a sharp push.
After accidents, a common head injury that occurs in 99% of cases is a concussion of varying severity.
When falling backwards, blows occur with the back of the head, and this, again, is concussion and biting of the tongue. If you have a helmet with built-in goggles and the mechanisms of the goggles are tired or worn out, they can open up and hit you in the nose.
A larger helmet in an accident can twist on the head or even get off the head. For the same reason, always check the condition of the helmet straps. Asphalt will severely ask you for such mistakes.
With head injuries, drivers almost constantly sustain injuries to the cervical vertebrae or the upper thoracic vertebrae.
Forward Falling Injury
When, due to an accident or during a highside (and this is already a pilot’s oversight), the driver is thrown forward through the motorcycle, the picture is as follows:
First, you are greeted by a non-nozobak, the groin and abdomen areas suffer from this. When falling on the steering wheel, chest injuries are almost always formed, ruptures of internal organs are possible. The spleen and bladder are the first to give up for rupture … In general, abdominal injuries are one of the wildest, because it is a collection of many organs, a large loss of blood, very, very painful.
A severe blow from the back can result in serious spinal injury. The effect, which is called “whiplash”, when the impact energy is transmitted along the spine similar to the behavior of a whip (the spine has the same mobility), and then, at the output of the energy, a click, usually in the neck. Click, minus the vertebra, plus the bitten tongue and loss of orientation in space.
Highside, a crash with a flight over the steering wheel – a guarantee of injuries to the front of the body. The pilots’ legs cling to the footpegs, the handlebars, and other parts of the motorcycle, and then there are stab and cut wounds and fractures of the leg bones according to the principle of a lever, when the body is holding on to the motorcycle, and inertia throws you forward. Hands are suffering. Especially the brushes. Reflexively, the pilot tries to defend himself, falls on his hands.
The motorcycle follows.
Back fall injuries
There are fewer injuries, but they are all spit over by a spinal injury. If, in a rear impact, inertia is transmitted to you by a wave through the spine, then when falling backward, the pilot falls on his back with all his mass. If it clustered and landed on the vertebrae, there could be a compression fracture. When falling on the coccyx area, fractures of the ischial bones are possible, ruptures of the pubic articulation occur. A strong general concussion occurs.
Frontal / side falls
Here the side that is closest to the source of the accident logically suffers. Here we have a set of bruises and fractures on one side of the body, joints, elbows, knees, shoulders suffer. The pelvis and femur take the brunt of the blow. Pelvic injuries are generally in the first place, because sitting on a motorcycle it is the pelvis that holds the motorcycle, and if it falls, the thigh bone will be clamped by the weight of a war horse.
The joints cry after such accidents, because in side accidents after falling on the side, you wrap your ankle under the motorcycle, you struggle with the situation and, together with the steering wheel, twist your hands, scratch your knees, elbows and shoulders along the way. Goodbye collarbone – hello titanium inserts, which then also need to be removed surgically.
The biggest injury in terms of area. Slippery is dangerous by the total abrasion of the body, first it takes away the skin and soft tissues, then removes the muscles. Why are open fractures of the arms and legs so popular? Especially the radius, ulna, tibia and bones of the foot? Feel your hands, and preferably your leg from the knee down. Even the mega advanced bodybuilder has no terrain there. If you are from our planet, then there should be no muscles on the front of the shinbone. And this means that if you went in shorts and without leg protection, the slipper will bare the tibia as there is nothing to do. Think about it when you decide to ride a girl in a skirt without equipment.
Injuries in the motorcycle world are a serious topic, because if you can buy new plastic for a motorcycle in any store, then the pain after injuries will follow for a long time, some injuries leave traces for life. Do not neglect the equipment, it is the only thing that stands between the danger and the fragile body of the pilot / passenger in a stalemate.