In previous articles, we examined the behavior after the accident before the arrival of the special services, as well as how to properly remove the motorcycle helmet.
Situations vary, as are injuries sustained in an accident. Each case is unique. It can take a long time to describe options for behavior and help. But let’s take the most basic points, which should be enough to, at least, not harm the victim.
Many people remember the basic principles of first aid from school, if they did not skip OBZH lessons. But how can this be applied to the practice of a motorcycle accident? What makes a motorcycle accident different from others?
Availability of equipment
The first thing that distinguishes an injured motorcyclist from a pedestrian or driver is their equipment.
There is a very dark humor on this topic, but in every joke there is a grain of a joke. Phrases familiar to many that equipment is needed so that the body after an accident remains intact, and not in parts, make sense. The equipment once again fixes the body. This applies not only to the joints, which hinge systems save from eversion. After an accident, do not rush to remove equipment from a motorcyclist, because tight belts and a tight fit sometimes hold back injuries or hold back severe bleeding like a tourniquet or tire.
Removing your equipment can stir up wounds more or cause severe pain. For this reason, doctors, for example, often just cut the equipment at the seam…
If you need to remove the protection or clothing, and there is no way (or desire) to cut it, then first the healthy parts of the body are freed, and last of all the injured one.
Example: a pilot has an injury to his left arm, you need to take off his jacket. We unfasten the zipper, release our healthy right hand, and only then gently left. The logic is simple. It is not so painful and not so dangerous to free healthy parts of the body from equipment, in return we get more free ends that do not affect the injured place.
I repeat: before the doctors arrive, it is better not to take off your equipment without a good reason. Everything determines the degree of injury.
After an accident, a motorcyclist can be in any position and in any place: on the road, in a ditch, under the car … For clarity, we are always depicted in textbooks of a person lying on his back, but this is not always the case. All manipulations on the transfer and movement of the motorcyclist should occur only after assessing his condition. It is recommended to move it by the “pulling” method in length, and not to the side or side. Displacement of a broken bone is the biggest enemy after an accident. In addition, it is precisely such injuries that cause the strongest pain shock.
To avoid all this, a wounded motorcyclist must be carried at least with the help of three to four people. Everyone is responsible for the head, shoulders and thoracic region, pelvis and legs. This is for difficult cases. The neck and lower back should not be allowed to bend. If you turn the person over, then control them.
Any transfers of an injured person occur slowly and smoothly. Internal injuries and bleeding – you may not be aware of them, but with sudden jerks, only increase the injuries.
Loss of consciousness and shock
When a person is unconscious, you have to prepare for the worst. Monitor your breathing, check your pulse.
It makes no sense to count the pulse on the wrist. If there is an injury to the hand or the circulatory system is pinched by equipment, then the pulse on the wrist will be very difficult to read. Check the pulse in the carotid artery, in the neck.
If the victim is conscious, watch to see if he loses it. Even a strong shock can cause a person to lose himself.
Burns and wounds
I will not talk a lot about stopping bleeding, everyone knows about this too. BUT. There are times when people immediately try to pour all available hydrogen peroxide from the medicine cabinet onto an open wound for disinfection. Wait to do so. The man had a bad day anyway. After the accident, he experiences severe pain, so a bottle of peroxide on an open wound will not please him. Moreover, a new surge of pain can bring the victim closer to painful shock. Everything that could get into the wounds is already there, no matter how sad it is. Therefore, first stop the bleeding, leave the disinfection to the doctors, but do not neglect dressing and sterile dressings.
Useful observation: on the road you will not always find something sterile for bandaging, and sometimes bandages or cotton wool from the first-aid kit are sometimes simply not enough. But in the car there may be personal hygiene products, especially for women or for babies – from handkerchiefs to pads and diapers. If there are any, then they must be sterile by factory standards, which means they will come in handy.
Burns are less common, but if a motorcycle catches fire and technical fluids come into contact with the skin or equipment caught fire from them, then the clothing often sticks to the skin. Then the clothes are cut around the wound, and the fabric is not ripped off! Doctors will help to separate the molten material from the affected area of the body, do not take it yourself.
It is not recommended to give the victim to smell ammonia and use pills, including pain relievers. If the victim is a stranger, then you do not know if he has allergies or how the pills will work in a particular case against the background of all the trauma and pressure. In addition, pain pills will not help with fractures, but they can go sideways in combination with drugs that doctors will inject.
There are a lot of nuances in first aid, much more than in setting up the most capricious injector. Therefore, all advice comes down to one thing – do no harm.